Fish feed

Fish feed

The Group work actively to further the development of sustainable fish feed.

The Group work actively to further the development of sustainable fish feed.

Our fish feed ingredients are to be sourced from sustainable, ethical and traceable sources.

Lerøy Seafood Group has taken an active role in influencing the further development of feed composition to ensure premium product quality, in a sustainable way.


A growing population needs more food. Only between 2 and 5 percent of the protein we eat today comes from the sea. Seafood is a healthy product that the WHO recommends an increased intake of, and as more and more species of wild fish are managed sustainably today, an substantial increase in seafood consumption will have to come from aquaculture.

Salmonids in particular demands a feed of the highest quality. They need to be protein dense, have high fat and close to no carbohydrates. These raw materials are also used in other types of feed for other aquatic species, petfood, chickens and to some extent pigs. This drives the raw material demand on the world market, and both access and price of raw materials are highly subject to change.

It is also essential to ensure that the raw materials do not contain substances that can harm the marine environment during production at sea, or that we source raw materials from unsustainable fisheries. The vegetable raw materials have been subject to a risk assessment, and the products with high ESG risk have received sustainability certification. Some raw materials have a larger carbon footprint than others and LCA standardisation is still maturing. Raw materials are produced all over the world and in some countries it is important to ensure that UN human rights are respected.


More than 90% of all raw materials used in Lerøy`s fish feed are imported to Norway. The raw materials used in our feed come from both marine species and vegetable species and are produced all over the world. This can lead to an increased negative risk in relation to the environment, economy and people involved through our value chain. It is therefore important for Lerøy to have an increased focus on supplier management towards our feed suppliers ensuring proper management of various species, no deforestation and proper use of fresh water when producing raw materials on shore and to secure the lowest possible greenhouse gas emissions for the individual raw material. Fish feed is the input factor that contributes the most to our greenhouse gas emissions and would be significant in relation to potential negative effects on the economy if a tax on greenhouse gas emissions were to be introduced. Changing the composition of raw materials to achieve climate targets could cause the company increased costs. Some of the countries that produce raw materials are listed with a potential risk of negative impact on human rights. It is therefore of great importance for Lerøy that our feed suppliers carry out audits and that they ensure that the Group's supplier code of conduct is observed.


Our amitions in this area

Our fish feed ingredients are to be sourced from sustainable, ethical and traceable sources.

Marine raw materials shall originate from responsibly regulated fisheries, with individual species governed in accordance with the regulations laid down by national and international authorities and quotas specified on the basis of scientific recommendations.

  • All raw materials utilised shall meet the requirements in the ASC standard.
  • Lerøy aims to increase the share of MSC certified marine raw materials in feed from year to year.
  • Terrestrial raw materials shall originate from land-based production in areas sustainably obtained for such production.
  • Raw materials from areas acquired by deforestation shall not be used in the feed.
  • All raw materials used shall be certified in accordance with a relevant sustainability standard
  • The raw materials in feed shall have the lowest possible carbon footprint
  • We will increase the content of by-products in the feed and we will also increase the content of new feed ingredients
  • The raw materials shall be competitively priced
  • The raw materials shall have a positive impact on fish health and growth
  • The raw materials shall be safe for both fish and people, and for marine life
  • Feed suppliers and their subcontractors shall comply with our Code of Conduct
  • Full traceability for all raw materials all the way back to land/farm/waters
  • Increase the focus on fresh water use.

How we work in the area

Throughout the year, we have meetings, email correspondence and conversations with various stakeholders where we have presentations and discussions related to the areas where we have or can have a potential impact. We also attend conferences and meetings where we meet and discuss. Through this form of dialogue, we gain insight into what stakeholders are concerned with and feedback on what they think about the way we work, measures we have initiated and what they think we should focus on going forward. Through various forms of benchmark surveys, we also receive feedback on what stakeholders think about our measures and their implementation.

Lerøy has close follow-up and collaboration with its own feed suppliers through a constant dialogue and meetings. We have scheduled quarterly meetings but also a number of different meetings in addition.

Lerøy has made active choices in relation to raw material choices by implementing new raw materials such as insect meal and microalgae in the feed. We have also chosen to take out various raw materials that we do not want as part of our feed. Examples of this are palm oil, Ethoxyquin, salmon oil, GMO raw materials and flour and bones from land animals. Lerøy carries out R&D focusing on new raw materials for feed such as kelp and mussel meal.

Working with new and novel feed ingredients is important, but not enough to reach our goals. We are therefore looking into and changing the sources/production methods of our existing basket. Demanding that all soy products in Brazil has to come from an deforestation free value chain is one of these examples, and in 2022 we have started a new exciting endeavour. Together with our feed producer Lerøy is investing in both regenerative agriculture and new sources of soy produced with less fertilizer, less processing and with a higher standard on land use. This positively affects our CO2 emissions, but also have an positive effect on water use and biodiversity impact.

Lerøy compiles their own feed specifications

Lerøy has together with our feed producers and the independent research institute Sintef, completed a raw material climate risk analysis. We have looked into availability, CO2, pricing, climate risk, water usage etc. This tool is to be continuously updated with new raw materials, to facilitate a factual and holistic decision making tool.

By taking part in “the Aquaculture Dialogue on Sustainable Soy Sourcing in Brazil”, Lerøy has been instrumental in ensuring that the three suppliers of soy protein concentrate are now 100% free of deforestation and land alteration activities (DCF).

A number of businesses are involved in the production of raw materials, as in other industries, and Lerøy aims to ensure that these all comply with our requirements laid down in our Code of Conduct, that they utilise a monitoring system so that all production information can be traced back to them and measured, and that the raw materials are safe for both the fish and the people who eat the fish.

In some countries where raw materials are produced, water can be a scarcity factor. Lerøy have a collaboration with our suppliers of fish feed regarding water risk Management. It is important to determine the full risk profile and understand the actions needed to minimize risks linked with water use related to agriculture raw materials. This collaboration has resulted in a water conservation and efficiency plan for each supplier, including but not limited to risk assessments based on WRI Aquaduct, monitoring water stress, KPI`s to reduce withdrawals and increase water quality and preventive actions. 

Fresh Water 

Policy: Fresh water use

How we measure our impact in this area

  • We measure our impact by means of in-house audits, third-party audits, traceability data, ASC audits and dialogue and partnership.
  • We also carry out a specific audit related to the follow-up of our Supplier Code of Conduct.
  • The greenhouse gas emissions from the production of fish feed are continuously monitored by Lerøy.

Target and results          

A fish feed that is tailored for both fish and environment. A total-cost optimised feed that meets all our requirements for our ESG ambitions, and which at the same time gives our fish the nutritional backpack it needs to thrive and grow.

We divide the ingredients into two groups:

  • Marine raw materials
  • Vegetable raw materials


Proportion of marine raw material






Share of marine raw materials % 





Share of vegetable raw materials % 





CO2e for production of fish feed

Average emissions per kg feed produced for the Group






Economic feed factor











Rainbow trout






Marine feed ingredients certified according to a sustainability standard





Total share of certified raw materials % 




Percentage of marine raw materials certified    (MSC+IFFO/Marine trust including FIP) (%) 




In 2022 we used the following marine species:

Source Name Quantity Used (MT) Percentage in fishmeal MarinTrust Lerøy MSC Lerøy FIP MT FIP MSC
Whole Fish Baltic Sprat 135,77 0,00 35,36 100,41 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Blue whiting 5051,23 0,13 343,24 40,00 4706,04 0,00
Whole Fish Boarfish 372,29 0,01 365,22 0,00 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Capelin 4514,16 0,12 3777,57 1208,83 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Herring 2113,01 0,06 1285,72 745,68 202,10 46,95
Whole Fish Mackerel 104,06 0,00 6,68 1,59 0,11 0,00
Whole Fish Norway pout 665,37 0,02 594,95 609,18 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Other 61,53 0,00 20,45 1132,20 0,01 0,00
Whole Fish Peruvian anchoveta 4653,99 0,12 3222,91 0,00 0,00 1431,07
Whole Fish Saithe 0,14 0,00 0,00 0,14 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Sandeel 1760,78 0,05 1489,39 620,27 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Shrimp 0,62 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Sprat 2132,28 0,06 1911,56 470,18 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Antarctic Krill  2733,92 0,07 2733,92 2632,05 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish European Pilchard 0,09 0,00 0,09 0,09 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Whiting 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Sprat 12,41 0,00 12,15 0,26 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Blue whiting 624,25 0,02 608,89 0,00 14,44 0,00
Trimmings Boarfish 2,29 0,00 2,29 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Capelin 1852,59 0,05 1617,05 338,60 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Catfish 0,01 0,00 0,01 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Cod 625,96 0,02 548,57 83,31 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Herring 6560,38 0,17 6235,28 1185,72 19,31 0,00
Trimmings Mackerel 1841,65 0,05 1784,63 0,17 57,02 0,00
Trimmings North sea Herring 12,92 0,00 0,00 12,92 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Other 2101,12 0,05 1788,44 1213,92 0,28 0,00
Trimmings Plaice 10,50 0,00 10,18 1,25 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Saithe 377,11 0,01 374,27 26,62 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Shrimp 0,27 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Haddock 21,74 0,00 21,74 1,60 0,00 0,00
Total   38342,46          


Source Name Quantity Used (MT) Percentage in fishoil MarinTrust Lerøy MSC Lerøy FIP MT FIP MSC
Whole Fish Baltic Sprat 151,97 0,01 21,68 130,30 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Blue whiting 519,85 0,02 27,10 3,53 491,79 0,00
Whole Fish Capelin 2310,34 0,09 2055,01 2176,55 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Gulf Menhaden 2804,03 0,10 2804,03 0,00 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Herring 883,16 0,03 608,37 749,69 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Mackerel 767,85 0,03 745,69 0,00 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Norway pout 141,61 0,01 96,43 136,59 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Pacific Anchoveta 97,00 0,00 97,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Peruvian anchoveta 1143,91 0,04 531,86 0,00 28,92 54,86
Whole Fish Sandeel 754,72 0,03 575,90 713,26 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Sardine 5920,10 0,22 2602,21 0,00 1609,54 0,00
Whole Fish Sprat 1455,91 0,05 1151,30 1284,61 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish Boarfish 28,00 0,00 23,96 0,00 0,00 0,00
Whole Fish European Pilchard 1360,02 0,05 461,16 0,00 0,00 898,87
Whole Fish Other 18,50 0,00 1,25 2,69 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Blue whiting 27,91 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Capelin 1286,19 0,05 41,50 192,55 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Cod 410,82 0,02 400,25 242,47 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Herring 4293,27 0,16 1924,70 961,57 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Mackerel 453,35 0,02 453,35 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Plaice 17,46 0,00 17,46 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Saithe 117,40 0,00 0,00 33,79 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Sandeel 55,15 0,00 22,06 33,09 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Sprat 19,88 0,00 5,36 0,00 0,00 0,00
Trimmings European Pilchard 333,45 0,01 223,68 14,56 0,00 109,77
Trimmings Anchoveta 491,66 0,02 491,66 211,61 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Alaska Pollock 138,70 0,01 138,70 138,70 0,00 0,00
Trimmings Other 997,16 0,04 928,24 543,62 0,00 9,78
Total   26999,37          



In 2022 we used the following vegetable species:

Soy protein concentrate 18 % Russia, Brazil, Ukraine, Argentina, Serbia, Croatia
Faba beans 9 % France, Poland, UK, Netherlands, Poland
Wheat gluten + wheat 11 % Germany, Uk, Netherlands, Belguim, Lithuania, France, Poland, Italy, Ukraine
Sunflower meal 4 % Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Kazakhstan,
Pea protein 0 % China
Guar meal 5 % India
Insect meal 0 % Holland, France
Micro algea oil 1 % USA, Brazil
Vegetabile oils    
Vegetabile oils 16 % Russia, Lithuania, Germany, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands
Other raw materials    
Other 5 % Global

Lerøy only use Soy protein concentrate and all of it is certified.  Share of deforestation free soy protein concentrate from Brasil with traceability: 100 %

We have reduced the use of Soy protein concentrate with 3,5  % from 2021.


FFDR salmon (ASC formula)

Improving the FFDR ratios is an important KPI for Lerøy. The implementation of organic Debio certified salmon, in addition to a turbulent year in the commodity market has made it necessary to include more marine raw materials. We are looking to unlock the synergies with our own trawlers to gain access to more trimmings.

Kilogram of industrial fish per kilo of salmon produced used in the fishmeal and oil in fish feed 

FFDR salmon












The data is verified by an independent third party.

FFDRm= ( %fishmeal in feed from forage fisheries)* (eFCR)/24
FFDRo=( % fishoil in feed from forage fisheries) * (eFCR)/5,0 eller 7,0 avhengig av art