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SUSTAINABILITY LIBRARY 2022 Water and waste management
SUSTAINABILITY LIBRARY 2022

Water and waste management

Water and effluents management

We comply with local environmental standards and regulations, and work to limit local pollution.

INTERACTION WITH WATER AS A SHARED RESOURCE

Management and responsibility for freshwater withdrawals, waste water treatment and discharge are located locally in each company in the Group. The overall responsibility to form policies, establish KPI`s and strategies for our withdrawals, treatment and discharge of water lies with the Group management. In addition the Group have a responsibility to consolidate, and control reported water related data from all companies.

All Water withdrawal per source, and discharge per treatment type and destination are reported monthly through Cemasys (Cemasys.com). LSG have developed Apps in PowerBI to monitor, control and analyse all environmental data reported through Cemasys. Based on these tools our companies are better equipped to control their environmental accounting, see trends and implement preventive actions to mitigate negative impacts, and potensially increase possible postive impacts. In addition we can monitor if our actions have the desired effect. Actual and potential impacts, both positive and negative from our operations have been identified through Risk evaluations. We have identified that our operations do not have any significant impact on water bodies which we have permits for water withdrawal and discharge water quality. There are some potential negative impacts of our operations. If we withdraw significantly more water over time than we are allowed to, it can in worst case cause irreprable damage to local flora and fauna in the area.  This will in turn impact our operations, potensially leading to reduced capasity, employment and downstream activities. Our most water intensive operation do not withdraw water from drinking water sources.

LSG report in accordance with guidelines from several third party benchmarking organizations and stakeholders (Coller FAIIR, CDP and GRI). In 2022 LSG extended the risk assessment regarding water withdrawal, water discharge and consumption of freshwater for all locations in the group, using WRI Aquaduct (https://www.wri.org/aqueduct) as a tool to identify which of our operations are located in areas with medium to high risk of Water Stress and Water Depletion. Locations identified as being at risk for Water Stress and/or Water Depletion (See table 4 below) are in a continuous process of monitoring their local impacts, form action plans and frameworks where needed. Where policies are established on a national level, companies in the group have been informed and are in dialogue with official representatives. This is an ongoing process which have generated actions to reduce water withdrawal and improve water treatment of discharged water (See table 5 below).

Each location is tracking their progress using our PowerBI solution. 2022 is the first year we have a complete dataset for all locations regarding Water withdrawal, water discharge and consumtion of water. Going forward we can Track effectivenes of actions taken on a monthly basis and form Targets based on 2022 as baseyear.

Since our operations in large does not consume water, we have shifted our target for 2023 to only include locations in medium to high risk of water stress. Our new target is to reduce our water withdrawal in areas with medium to High risk of water stress with 5 % within 2025, with baseyear 2022. Locations included in this target can be found in table 4.

LSG are committed to ensure that all our employees have their basic needs regarding fresh water available in all our operations. This includes their right to access to clean quality fresh drinking water, sanitation facilities and clean working clothes. There have been no whistleblowing cases related this topic in 2022.

The Group have not registered any violations of regulations related to use of -and discharge of water in 2022.

Fresh water related data have been audited by third party.

Lerøy do not have any feed farming operations.

More information can be found in our LSG Water withdrawal and waste water discharge Policy.

 

Smolt feeding cages

 

CAPEX and OPEX

CAPEX in 2022 includes investments in RAS technology, water saving equipment, waste water purifying facilities and technology and Water efficiency equipment. OPEX in 2022 include cost related to water permits, water use cost, Waste water treatment cost and labour cost. Lerøy aquired several new companies and facilities in 2022 which explains the increased OPEX. The drop in CAPEX is related to no new investments in RAS facilities i 2022.

 

Table 1: Water related CAPEX and OPEX:

 

2021

2022

CAPEX

125 831 647 NOK

105 003 702 NOK

OPEX

12 551 294 NOK

23 447 573 NOK

Main Goals
  • Water withdrawal reduction for units listed as having a medium to High risk of Water stress according to WRI Aquaduct – 5 % reduction within 2025, baseline year 2022.
  • Carry out water stress Risk Assessment for 100 % of own facilities.

WATER WITHDRAWL

The worlds dependency on clean freshwater have never been greater. With an increasing global population, increased temperatures due to increased Co2 emissions and increased pollution, it has become even more important to govern our water sources in a sustainable manner.

LSG take this responsibility seriously and strive to protect and safeguard the freshwater sources we draw water from. We have devised strict protocols and procedures to make sure that we do not draw on more water than we are allowed to.

We are also in dialogue with local stakeholders and communities thorough local meetings organized by Lerøy. We need, through our ASC certification, to have meetings with local stakeholders and communities to discuss concerns and questions they have. To this date water withdrawal, water discharge and consummation of water have not been a topic at any of these meetings. We have neither had any enquiries or questions asked regarding our water management from Stakeholders.

We also continue our effort to switch all flow through systems for Salmon farming over to RAS and invest in water saving equipment in our downstream operations (See table 1). 

 

Table 2: Overview water withdrawal, discharged water and Water withdrawal per kg produced LSG 2021 and 2022 with % change

 

2021 (m3/megaliter)

2022 (m3/megaliter)

% change

Water withdrawal Total

85 115 627,7 / 85 115,6

96 775 397/ 96 775,3

13,7

Water Discharged Total

NA*

96 630 139 / 96 630,1

NA

Water withdrawal per kg produced*

NA

0,26**

NA

*Incomplete dataset for 2021

**excluding farming operations (Farming, Smolt production, cleanerfish production and parentfish production)

 

Our water withdrawals have increased with 13,7 % in 2022 compared to 2021. Our smolt production operations contribute to a significant part of all the increase. We also see a decrease in some processing facilities, while an increase in the total volume water withdrawn for our VAP Sales and Distribution segment. Below is listed main reasons for the increase, and decrease in water withdrawal:

  • Increased production volume in our smolt production operations at Bjørsvik (16 427 490 m3 2021 and 19 464 725 m3 in 2022)
  • Flatråker produced fish of larger size in 2022 compared to 2021 (9 932 731 m3 in 2021 and 12 016 080 m3 in 2022). This demands higher throughput of freshwater.
  • Water saving initiatives and investment in water saving equipment have resulted in a decrease in water withdrawal in our processing plants.
    1. Lerøy Aurora processing plant have reduced their water withdrawal (473 340 m3 in 2021 m3 to 428 050 m3 in 2022)
    2. Lerøy Turkey Processing have reduced their water withdrawal (15 649 m3 in 2021 to 14 394 m3 in 2022)
    3. Lerøy Seafood Holding BV in the Netherlands reduced their water withdrwal ( 130 976 m3 in 2021 to 110 193 m3 in 2022)
  • Newly acquired companies and factories late 2021 and in 2022.
    1. Lerøy Seafood Italy Srl Opened in late 2021 (3 029 m3 water withdrawal in 2021 and 8 898 m3 in 2022)
    2. Acquired Lerøy Seafood Denmark late 2021 (68 386 m3 water withdrawal in 2021 and 178 923 m3 during 2022)
    3. New factory built in Kungelv Sweden in May 2022 (5 985 m3 during May – December).

Table 3: Water withdrawal per source in m3 (2022)

Water Source

m3 / megaliter

% of total Water withdrawn

Surface

94 774 713 / 94 774,7

97,932

Municipal

1 992 611 / 1 992,6

2,059

Groundwater

8 072 / 8,0

0,008

 

The farming segment used 0,36 m3 fresh water per kg fish produced, while our slaughterhouses used 0,0093 m3 freshwater per kg fish produced, and our VAP segment used 0,0058 m3 in 2022.  Wildcatch segment used 0,0052 m3 per kg fish produced. This signifies a reduction for all segments compared to 2021.


Water withdrawal discharge_2023.jpg

Water related impacts and Risks

In our operations, and mainly the Smolt operations, there have been identified risks which may have a negative impact on our operations. Long term drought has the highest consequences for our operations and may cause severe impacts on both fish welfare and economics. Long term drought which will deplete our water reserves in magazines is however deemed unlikely since access to clean high quality freshwater in Norway is good. Lerøy only produce protein in Norway where water sources is low risk of water stress. 0 % of revenue is therefore dependent on protein from water- stressed areas. In addition we have long term permits and agreements for water withdrawal from Water sources which mitigates some of the Risk of water shortages.

In addition, all processing factories located in areas with medium to risk of Water stress (See table 4), there can be risk associated with access to clean freshwater. To date no such problems have been reported, but we are planning for the eventuality that it may become an issue.

Our Downstream units are mainly located in industrial zones. These zones have both heavy and low water intensive industry. Our operations and withdrawal of water in these zones are considered as low compared to the other industries. Our business could however be influenced if water shortages and or regulatory changes divert water permissions to high intensive industries in periods of shortages. This has not occurred, and we se it as unlikely to influence our operations.

 

Water saving technology

The RAS (Recirculating Aquaculture Systems) technology allows Lerøy Seafood Group to produce fish with up to 99% reduction in water use compared to conventional flow-through systems. The Group started to use RAS-technology already in 2005.

In 2022, approximately 80% of all salmon smolt in Lerøy Seafood Group was reared with this technology. RAS technology also entails that we recycle and cleans the water before discharge. In 2022 the total volume of freshwater which was recycled and reused in RAS systems was approximately 76 537 628 m3. That is 78 % of the total withdrawn water in the group.

Tabell 5: List of water saving and quality initiatives in companies with locations in medium to High risk of water stress (WRI Aquaduct)

Selskap

Actions: water withdrawal reduction

Actions: Water Discharge Quality

Lerøy Turkey

Changed Water spraying Nosils on fillet line to water saving types (2021)

 New on site waste water Treatment technology

Lerøy France

1) Changed cooling of Traysealers to Closed Circle

2) Maintenance/repaired  Machines leaking water

3)New sealpack machine (Reduces water used to 8L/m maximum)

 

Lerøy Spain

1)       Water saving nosils installed in the Madrid Factory.

Water treatment plant installed 2022 in factory Madrid

Lerøy Seafood Holding BV

1)Changed several nosils on production lines to water saving types (2022)

2)Sensors on pinbone machine to drain water only when necessary.

 

 

Lerøy Portugal

 

 

Units which are not in water stress areas have also implemented water reducing initatives and water quality improvements  during 2022. This will, in addtion to improve our impact one the environment, also improve food safety and finances.

WATER DISCHARGE - Effluents

We continue our work with water treatment and discharge data. During 2022 we have established new procedures and guidelines for reporting of water discharge data. We have included in the reporting the subtracting of Ice -and Brine production from the total waste water discharge figures. This way we are able to calculate our consumed water. From 2023 we will also include water evaporation from Rice cooking in our Sushi production.

Our Target is that all facilities in Lerøy comply with National regulations and discharge limits in the country of operations. Discharge of waste water directly to freshwater environments we follow as a minimum the World Banks standard for waste limits where applicable to the specific geography. This included limits for Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Total Nitrogen (TN) and Total Phosphorus (TP).

All of our processing factories, new and old, are equipped with fat separators and UV light treatment. In some factories, where it’s necessary, we also have chemical treatment (Chlorine) of waste water in addition to mechanical treatment before discharge.

See table 4 for discharge volumes per segment, and factories in areas with medium to high water stress risks.

 

Management of Water discharge related impacts

The group had no water related incidents or accidents related to water withdrawal and water discharge (volume and quality) in 2022.

Discharge water is analysed and tested in accordance with local regulations/requirements or permits (See tables 6-9), and deviations is handled in our quality management system. For our operations in Norway we report all water data (volume withdrawn, discharge and quality) to local government.

Depending on location and local requirements parameters analysed can be TOC (Total Organic Carbon), Ntot (Total Nitrogen, NT) and Ptot (total phosphor, TP) for Juvenile fish production, or Biological oxygen demand (BOD), Chemical oxygen demand (COD) fats and solids for factories. The limit, or degree purified water for these can wary depending on permit, regulations and area of operations. The permits also describes which type of analyse must be done within each Limit (Phosporus in ml/l, Nitrogen in ml/l, fat in mg/l, COD and BOD and Total Settled solids (TSS) in ml/l).

All our processing facilities discharged wastewater to third party treatmentplants which purify the water in accordace with local regulatory limits before released to water source. Lerøy have no discharge of wastewater directly to freshwater sources.

Using the WRI Aquaduct tool (Physical risk Quality) we performed in 2022 a risk assessment identifying 4 facilities operating in areas with low-medium and medium to high risk. Three are located in low to medium risk (Lerøy Italy Srl, Lerøy Smøgen Seafood AB and Lerøy Kungelv AB (Sweden)) and one in a medium to high risk area (Lerøy Turkey).

Below are tables showing examples of regulatory limits for operations in areas with low and medium to high risk of water stress.

Table 6: Discharge limits for a Juvenil fish production location in LSG 2022. Low risk of water stress.

Source

Component

Degree of purification

Wastewater

Total Organic Carbon (TOC)

77%

Wastewater

Total Nitrogen (Ntot)

22%

Wastewater

Total phosphor (Ptot)

64 %

 

Table 7: Discharge limits for Lerøy Turkey (VAPS&D segment). High risk of water stress

Source

Component

Degree of purification

Wastewater

Settled Solids (SM 2540 F)

10 ml/l

Wastewater

Chemical Oxygen Demand (SM 52220 D)

800 mg/l

Wastewater

Oil and Grease (SM 5520 D)

50 mg/l

 

Table 8: Discharge limits for Lerøy France – Fishcut factory (VAPS&D segment) High risk of water stress

Source

Component

Degree of purification

Wastewater

Chemical Oxygen Demand (NFT 90-101)

2000 mg/l

Wastewater

suspended matter (NFT 90-105)

600 mg/l

Wastewater

biochemical demand

in oxygen 5days (NFT 90-103)

800 mg/l

Wastewater

Nitrogen content (EN 25663)

150 mg/l

Wastewater

phosphorus content (NF EN 1189)

50 mg/l

 

Table 9: Discharge limits for Brandasund (Industry - Slaughterhouse), Low risk of water stress.

Source

Component

Degree of purification

Yearly discharge (kg/ton)

Wastewater

Fat and Grease

100 ml/l

0,7

Wastewater

Biological Oxygen (BOD)

500 mg/l

3,7

Wastewater

Chemical Oxygen demand (COD)

600 mg/l

4,5

Table 10: Discharge limits for Lerøy Portugal  (VAPS&D segment) medium to high risk of water stress

Source

Component

Degree of purification

 

Wastewater

Total suspended solids

35 ml/l

 

Wastewater

Biological Oxygen (BOD)

25 mg/l

 

Wastewater

Chemical Oxygen demand (COD)

125 mg/l

 

 

In Holland there are no regulations for discharge water for our operations, they are only required to analyse their waste water before release to municipal water treatment plant once pr year. They also analyse weekly for COD.

In our farming segment our most water intensive operations are the juvenile fish production, and discharged wastewater from these operations are managed through approvals from local governments. SLugde collected from waste water on-site are either composted to soil improvement (Fertilizer) or Biogas.

New technology and proximity to a biogas facility in Sweden have made it possible for one of our factories to send wastewater for treatment there, and at the same time recover biogas from the wastewater discharge. This has resulted in eliminating treatment on site which is beneficial for all parties.

Using RAS technology allows us to discharge the recycled water directly back to the source or directly to the sea according to our permits. These permits for release of discharge water have different parameters which needs to be fulfilled based on location (See table 6-10 above).

Lerøy stive to material recover 100 % of our by-products from our operations. In 2022 we material recovered 98 % of our organic by-products. By products are either used for human consumption, sold as Animal feed ingredents, converted to fertilizer or sent to biogas production (effluents).

In partnership with a feed supplier Lerøy has invested in regenerative agriculture. 30% of wheat and corn crops are sourced from regenerative farms. We aim to continue and grow our investment to ensure that our suppliers of vegetabile ingredients can diversify or rotate crops, move away from monoculture and develop cover crops. Lerøy has also invested in alternative feed sources such as makro Algae and insect protein.

All Water related non-conformites are reported, handled and stored in our Quality Management system. This system enables us to keep track of trends and implement correct corrective and preventive actions. Lerøy had no major incidents regarding wastewater spills or unwanted/unplanned discharge in 2022.

 

Water Consumption

In Accordance with CDP reporting framework we started to measure consumption of fresh water in January 1st 2022. Please see table 4 above for consumption data for the entire Group. The consumption of freshwater is calculated based on water withdrawal and water Discharge (Water withdrawal – Water discharge = Water consumption). The total consumed water in medium to high risk water stress areas were in 2022 3 ML. The volume is insignificant and does not justify targets for reduction. The water we consume in our operations are needed for either Ice production to secure food safety and quality, or Brine production for our smoked products. 

Regarding the groups withdrawal of seawater for our processing operations, all withdrawn seawater is discharged directly back to the sea or municipal treatment centre.

The consumption of fresh water are related to ice production and Brine injection in our Industry and VAPS&D segment. From 2023 the consumption of water related to Rice cooking (sushi production) will also be included in the reporting. Not all factories have these activities so the consumption are zero for these units.

Lerøy do not use any water storage (facilities or reservoirs).

Water management Suppliers

 

An important part of Lerøys strategy is ensure that our suppliers operate and perform sustainably, also regarding water use, pollutants and consumation of water. Through dialogue, support and partnerships we will ensure that all of our value chain operate in accordance with sustainable principles. Lerøy have among other a collaboration with feed suppliers water risk Management. It is important to determine the full risk profile and understand the actions needed to minimize risks linked with water use related to agriculture raw materials. We are in the process of finalizing a risk assessment survey to fully understand the suppliers risk profile and which actions have to been taken on water related infrastructure, sustainable water withdrawal, sustainable water supply, buffer zones and the protection of water bodies from pollution. This process has resulted in a water conservation and efficiency plan for each supplier.

The plan include the following:
  • Risk assessment of operations to identify which locations are in medium to high risk of water stress (WRI Aquaduct as tool).
  • Monitoring water stress indices for each location
  • Locations with medium to high water stress will implement water efficiency Programmes (WEP) to manage the risk.
  • Plans to develop KPI`s for water reduction and improve water quality in areas with medium to high water stress.
  • List of preventive actions implemented or to be implemented, to reduce water withdrawal and increase water quality
  • Regulations and standards.
Water withdrawal and intensity Feed

We are working with our suppliers to increase data quality for water withdrawal, water discharge and consumption of water in the feed supply chain. Data regarding total water use in m3 for 2022 are Calculated using LCA Coefficients : Water use.

Water use total m3 8580000
Water use intensity m3/kg 0,052
Water scarcity in feed supply chain

Based on available data, our feed suppliers have done a risk assessment (WRI Aquaduct) of water scarcity to determine which main vegetable raw materials in fish feed are sourced from areas with water stress. The WRI Aquaduct tool have restrictions when analysing based on Raw material. The analysis is therefore based on average score on country level, presented as Europe. Eksample, Rapeseed is sourced from Belgium (WRI Score 48), France (WRI score 31), Netherlands (WRI score 29) and Russia (WRI Score 15). The average is between 20-40 % score and presented as having a medium to high risk of water stress. We are, together with our feed suppliers, in dialogue to better understand the methology and data quality needs to be able to disclose a complete and accurate data set. We are in the process, but it will take time still because of the availability and on current methology.

  % Sourced Average Water stress score (WRI) Water stress
Brazil - Soy 70 < 10% Low
Europe - Soy 30 < 20 % Low-medium
Europe - Wheat 100 < 20 % Low-medium
Europe - Rapeseed 100 < 40 % Medium - High

For more information please see our Fish feed Policy

Waste management

Improving our handling and sorting of waste is a continuous priority for LSG. Increasing our sorting grade of waste for reuse and material will greatly impact our environment through reduction of unwanted, hazardous and non-biodegradable waste in the environment . In late 2022 LSG signed a corporate agreement with one waste handling company in Norway to handle all waste from our operations in Norway. This will significantly increase our waste handling Management opportunities and secure that our waste is treated in the most sustainable manner possible. The agreement will also ensure that the data quality of reported waste and treatment method is better. An automated transfer of data to our Environmental accounting system (Cemasys) is in place which will also result in a decrease in manual labour connected to reporting.

Throughout the year we communicate through different forums with our stakeholders to discuss our immediate -and potential impacts regarding waste. It is important that we get input from our stakeholders on what they find important and are concerned about so that we can improve our waste handling and implement best practices. Our waste handling company in Norway are for example involved in, and have give input on how we have formulated our KPI on recycling.  

Using one strategic partner for all our waste handling in Norway will significantly influence how the local and central management works with waste. It will also give us the opportunity to better influence how -and what happens with our waste fractions. We see several opportunities in the future to strengthen our engagement and commitment to increase our degree of recirculation within the group, also outside of Norway. We are looking at the possibility to expand this strategic agreement to also include Scandinavian countries where we have operations.

The Corporate agreement with one waste handling company in Norway has:

1) resulted in better reporting functionality

3) resulted in an infrastructure to handle and maintain service for all our locations in Norway

4) resulted in a clear strategy for recycling

5) Resulted in increased knowledge and knowhow regarding waste sorting and treatment

6) Given us new ways to communicate with stakeholder and other third party organizations through the waste handling company. 

Next year a new EU directive on waste handling will be applicable for our operations. New targets for diverting waste from disposal is included in the directive. Our new aggremet with one waste handling company will help us reach these targets . 

Using one supplier will also put us in a position to better influence that our waste is not unnecessarily sent for disposal which can impact the environment negatively. This is however more difficult in our downstream operations where each company still uses local suppliers. This results among other things in volumes of waste being diverted from recycling to landfill or Incineration (energy recovery). We are working with our suppliers downstream in Europe to better understand how we can increase our share of waste being diverted to recycling.

In collaboration with our waste handling companies (both in Norway and Europe) we have implemented sorting regimes in all our locations and strive to make sure that all our waste is handled in a sustainable way by us and the recipient of the waste. In this the different waste handling companies, local and National governments are the main contributor and drivers to make the big changes. Without involvement, dedication and investments from them, it is difficult to see a significant change in share of waste being diverted to recycling.

We are committed to continue our work with different stakholders and the UN Global Compact initiative to do what we can to push for change within the national and global regulations for waste handling and sorting. Our companies will also continue to audit and followup our suppliers on waste handling to make sure that our waste is handled in a legal and sustainable manner.

All waste fraction data is mandatory to report to the group through its environmental reporting system (Cemasys). Data reported monthly is based on invoice from Waste handling companies.

Lerøy have not received any whistleblowing cases regarding waste management, waste handling or any misconduct regarding waste in 2022. We have neither received any fines, lawsuits or other legal actions towards us in connections to our waste handling and management.

Safety for our workers are always high on our priority list. Making sure that no one gets injured or sick handling waste in our, or our suppliers workspace is essential and governs our operations. Strict HSE procedures and guidelines are in place to ensure that our workers health and safety is secured. All employees who have training and are approved for handling hazardous waste is provided with required protective equipment.

For more information regarding our waste managment please see our Policy on waste management

Our goal for 2022 was to increase the share of inorganic waste being recycled by 5 % compared to 2021.  

The group reduced its share of non-organic waste which was recycled (Material recovered and re-used) in 2022 with 8,5 % compared to 2021. Our share of recycled waste was 44,88 % (2 794 644 kg) compared to 53,42 % (3 198 29 kg) in 2021. The total volume of inorganic waste in the group have increased from 5 986 758 kg in 2021 to 6 227 329 kg in 2022. The main reason for the reduction in recycled waste is mainly related to reporting practices and knowledge in our companies regarding waste handling and treatment. After conducting a quality control of reported numbers we saw that many companies did not report treatment type correctly. The main reason was lacking information from their waste handling company, and in some cases lacking understanding of waste handling in general. We have therefore increased our focus on training, knowledge sharing and supplier followup to make sure that the data quality from our operations in Europe are equal to our Operations in Norway. Actions taken to increase data quality:

  • Training of personnel reporting waste data
    1. Training includes description of waste categories and treatment types.
  • Implemented a LSG procedures regarding reporting and control of environmental data
  • Increased dialogue with waste handling companies to increase degree of information on invoices to also include treatment type pr waste fraction.
  • Changing supplier of waste handling in companies where necessary.

We feel confident that our share of recycled in organic waste will increase in 2023 as a result of our strategic partnership with one supplier of waste in Norway, and our actions taken in our Downstream operations.

Waste presented in tables below are reported from our production operations throughout the group. We also have small volumes of waste generated from our offices. 

Table 1: Overview of inorganicwaste volumes in Tons per treatment type, % of total waste and % change compared to last year (2021) in LSG.

Treatment type

Volume in tons

% of total waste

% Change (last year)

Material recovery

2 327

37

-25

Reuse

478

8

397

Energy recovery

3 075

49

41

Landfill/ Composting

357

6

-40

The change in Reuse compared to last year is mainly because increased data quality.

Main goal

Our goal for 2023 is to increase the non-organic waste which is recycled (material recovered) to 50 % in 2023, and 65% in 2030

Our target to increase the share of inorganic waste which is material recoverd is ambitious. We feel however confident that it is possible to reach the target in partnership with our waste handling company. In accordance with the EU Waste Directive the target for 2030 is 65 %.

 

The share of hazardous inorganic waste in LSG is still low, but has increased from 0,01 % in 2021 to 2,1 % in 2022. The increase is mainly related to increased focus on reporting and data quality. Some of our factories still use fluorescent lights, so by changing them to LED lights we can reduce this even further. In addition, the electrifying of our feeding stations will also reduce our hazardous waste by eliminating the use of oils and lubricants for our generators. Lerøy did not have any hazardous organic waste in 2022. The prosentage of total Hazardous waste (including organic waste) was 0,16 % in 2022.

Table 2: Waste by composition, in metric tons. Organic waste included.

 

Waste Generated

Waste diverted from Disposal

Waste directed to disposal

Non Hazardous Waste

84 475,8

80 902,5

3 573,3

Hazardous Waste

134,4

66,2

68,1

Total Waste

84 610,2

80 968,8

3 641,4

Table 3: Non Hazardous Waste diverted from disposal by recovery operation, in metric tons. Organic waste included

   

Onsite

Offsite

Total

Non Hazardous waste

Preparation for reuse

0

456,0

456,0

Recycling

0

80 446,5

80 446,5

Other recovery operations

0

0

 

Waste prevented

 

 

 

80 902,5

Table 4: Hazardous Waste diverted from disposal by recovery operation, in metric tons. Organic waste included

   

Onsite

Offsite

Total

Hazardous waste

Preparation for reuse

0

11,1

11,1

Recycling

0

55,2

55,2

Other recovery operations

0

0

0,0

Waste prevented

     

66,2

Table 5: Hazardous Waste directed to disposal by disposal method, in metric tons. Organic waste included

   

Onsite

Offsite

Total

Hazardous waste

Incineration (with energy recovery)

0

67,7

67,7

Incineration (without energy recovery)

0

0,0

0,0

Landfilling

0

0,458

0,5

Other disposal operations

0

0

0

Table 6: Non Hazardous Waste directed to disposal by disposal method, in metric tons. Organic waste included.

   

Onsite

Offsite

Total

Non Hazardous waste

Incineration (with energy recovery)

0

3 007,4

3 007,4

Incineration (without energy recovery)

0

0,0

0,0

Landfilling

0

357,1

357,1

Other disposal operations

0

0

0

 

LSG did not store any waste onsite longterm during 2022. Some Hazardous wastes of small quantities are stored safely and with in regulations in storage lockers design for the purpose. Waste handling company handles and transport in accordance with relevant regulations.

ORGANIC NON-EDIBLE MATERIALS

Organic waste in the group is reported in accordance with (EU) nr 142/2011. Category 2 and 3 Organic non-edible materials from our activities is respectively 7,9 % and 14,3 % of the total volume produced per segment (Farming category 2, Industry and VAPS&D for Category 3). Our total organic waste, including Category 2, 3 and organic sludge is 11,9 % of the total volume produced. Organic sludge contributes to 0,74 % of the total.

The Group strives to increase the share for human consumption, and  aims to increase the share by 50% by 2024. Projects across the Group have been ongoing since 2019.

We have invested in a harvest boat which will significantly increase fish welfare and volumes for harvest from our farming operations. This will reduce the volume in Category 2 significantly. In addition, several projects in our VAP, Sales and Distribution segment will contribute to the reduction of food waste and increase the level of raw materials for human consumption.

In addition we have several initiativs going to better utilice the potensial in our sludge generated. Sludge from our farming and Industry are uteliced both for biogas production and earth improvement (compost in agriculture).

RECYCLING

Recycling our output factors where we can is important. This includes both inorganic -and organic wastes. Together with our waste handling companies we strive to increase the share of waste which is re-used or material recovered. Together we have initatives to find the best solutions for upcycling and downcycling our waste fractions.

The Group is actively involved in the process of recovering plastic waste from the oceans through different programs, in order to protect marine wildlife. One of the activities is recycling our fish farming nets, ropes and old trawlernets.

Another activity is: “ Only on loan”. This is a project in which Lerøy Seafood works together with waste and recycling company Norsk Recycling to ensure that the packaging for products packed in aluminium trays is returned for recycling after use.  Such packaging is therefore only “on loan”.

Waste is a resource that is not properly utilised, and we aim to do something about this. We also focus on using the correct packaging and the correct size of products in order to avoid waste.

USE OF ORGANIC SLUDGE FROM SMOLT PRODUCTION

Since 2013, when the juvenile production facility Belsvik opened, we have sent our organic sludge to a biogas production facility. The use of Organic sludge as biogas is sustainable, but we have found that long transportation of sludge with high content of water was less sustainable. We do not release an sludge to public waterways.

Investment in a drying facility on location was therefore recently decided and from 2023 we will be able to deliver dried sludge to the agriculture industry.

The Sludge will be used as a soil improvement material and fertilizer. Our other two major smolt production sites in Laksefjord and Kjærelva is already drying their sludge on site for the agriculture industry.

SUGAR KELP

The Group is also producing sugar kelp, which is another example of recycling. When we produce sugar kelp we use the nutritions from fish farming to produce sugar kelp and blue mussels.

Ocean Forest video

Food waste / Food security

Challenges

Globally food waste contribute to 8-10 % of the greenhouse gas emissions. 38% of total energy consumption within global food production can be attributed to food lost from the value chain or thrown away. 2 kg of CO2e are emitted for 1 kg of food waste,  almost 33% of all food produced worldwide is discarded.  The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals include a goal to reduce food waste by 50% by 2030.

Food waste includes all usable parts of food produced for humans, but which are either discarded or removed from the food chain for purposes other than  for human consumption.

Impact

Lerøy work towards reducing fish mortality, floor fish and unsold products. As a result; the fish itself and the resourses spent to farm or catch it, becomes available for human consumption. This generate a positive effect generating nutritious food for the population, better utillization of natural resourses, icreased earnings and employment 

Food lost could be used to feed the global population and increase food security. Lerøy is directly involved in negative impacts in the farming segment regarding survival rate. Fish lost results in loss of natural resources(i.e feed) , lost value creation and reputation. Reducing food waste is an opportunity to increased efficiency and competitiveness, which can result in increased exports and earnings.

 

Our ambition in this area

 

100kg fish = 100 kg product for human consumption

Salmon wrap with avocado, cucumber and sour cream

How we take action / What actions has been made

The Farming segment has introduced targeted measures to reduce food loss by minimising fish mortality. Among several action point, this involves transferring larger smolt at sea at the correct time, a high Omega 3 content in our feed to make our fish more robust, and investments in harvest boats with slaughtering facilities so that fish can be slaughtered directly at the edge of the cage.

The Wild Catch segment aims to reduce food loss by preserving residual raw materials, producing meal, oil and ensilage that can be returned to Lerøy's value chain. This process involves optimising production of meal, oil and ensilage on board the Group's trawlers

The VAP Sales & Distribution segment is taking action to reduce food waste by reducing the number of fish that fall on the floor, using the entire fish with our concept, “we use it all”, reducing the number of unsold products and non-utilised input factors in production, and optimising the shelf life of our products.

Policy:  Food waste

 

How we measure our impact 

 

All companies in the group report their results every quarter through the reporting tool Cemasys.  The impact is visualized both at group and company level through reports in PowerBI and evaluated quarterly. If the performance trend deviates from the target (0 or negative), the cause must be identified and specific measures implemented, the effect of the measures evaluated and possibly adjusted towards the next quarterly measurement.

 

Targets and Results 

 

Regarding result on survival in sea more information available here.

As part of a project called 50/50-5 project, Lerøy has introduced sub-projects throughout the value chain to reduce food waste by 50% within 2024 from base year 2019.

In wild catch segment - the target is to presarve residual raw material and increase the production of meal, oil and ensilage with 50% from 2019 to 2024.  From 2019 to 2022 the volume have increased from 2669 tonnes to 4840 tonnes.The increase is mainly cause of the vessel Kongsfjord  producing silage from 2020 and optimalization of oil and meal production on other vessels. The production have increased by 81% from 2019, above target, and are utilized as an ingredient in our feed to farming division.

In Industry/VAP segment  the target is to reduce the Level of floor fish and unsold products with 50% from 2019-2024. The result in 2022 was 293 893 kg, this was an increase from 2021 with 167 478 kg (+66%). We believe the increase in volume is caused by improved registration of food waste by our processing facilities. All facilities are working according the action plan to reduce floor fish and unsold products.

 

Target 2024

2022

2021

2020

2019

Farming

Survival in sea (%)

94%

92,5%

92,5%

92,1%

93,4%

Wild Catch

Increase production of meal, oil and ensilage (kg)

+50%

4840000(+81%)

5439000(+104%)

5023000(+88%)

2669000

Industry

Reduction in fish on floor and unsold products (kg)

-50%

293893 (+66%)

167478 (-5%)

176868

-*

 

* data from 2019 is deficient or not complete. Base years must therefore be evaluated from the year 2020.

Action taken as a result 

 

Lerøy is a Partner on the Norwegian authority project to  investigate measures to halve food waste, including a food waste law. Climate and Environment Minister Espen Barth Eide and Agriculture and Food Minister Sandra Borch present the committee which will investigate measures to achieve the goal of a 50 percent reduction in food waste by 2030. Among other things, the committee will come up with a proposal for a food waste law. Lerøy participate in the discussions and  supply food loss data to the project, the work will be delivered in the form of a written report to the Ministry of Climate and the Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food by 31 December 2023.

Participation in the project Charting food waste in the seafood industry, managed by Sintef

Further investment in processing facility for exploitation of residual raw materials from own factories to produce different types of processed fish (fish cakes, fish pudding)

24% increase in shelf life of consumer packages by making use of new Co2 emitters in consumer packages. A longer shelf life provides improved predictability and less waste.

Further development of the “we use it all” project by offering customers different products made from residual raw materials

Exploiting residual raw materials from the Wild Catch segment in feed for the Farming segment. This may involve increasing the content of marine raw materials in the feed, which in turn makes the salmon more robust and increases survival rates, or further reductions in the amount of wild caught fish from commercial fisheries in our feed.

Initiation of a new packaging method for whole salmon and fillets. This involves using new technology allowing for transport of fresh fish by boat over longer distances, where the shelf life starts when the package is opened. This allows for more control over time and shelf life of raw materials used in production.

Plastic waste

Challenge

 

Every year, more than eight million tonnes of plastic end up in the sea, and more than 90 percent of all seabirds have plastic in their gut. In 2050, there will be more plastic in the sea than fish. Plastic in itself becomes a problem when it is carelessly disposed of, represents a threat to animal life and ends up as microplastic in the sea. Microplastics accumulate in the food chain, bringing with them environmental toxins that negatively affect food safety in the food we eat.

Half of all the plastic manufactured is only used once and then thrown away. About 5 kg of CO2e are emitted for 1 kilogram of plastic – 2 kg resulting from the production of the plastic and 3 kg of CO2 are emitted when the plastic is burned after use. For some types of plastic, the number may be 4.5 – and for others 5.5 kg

 

Our ambition in this area

 

Reduce the total consumption and prevent inappropriate disposal of plastic.

 

How we take action /what action has been taken

 

As part of the 50/50-5 project, Lerøy has introduced sub-projects throughout the value chain to reduce general plastic consumption and consumption of non-recyclable plastic by 50% within 2024. Each segment is measured in terms of development, and initiatives are shared across the Group. For Farming segment; Purchased feeding tube & ropes are measured, for wildcatch and the VAPS&D segment purchased vacuum film, single use plastic and EPS are measured.

Lerøy take part in a number of measures to  to clear up plastic in the environment read more about this here

POLICY:  Plastic

 

How we measure our impact

 

All companies report their results every quarter via the Cemasys reporting tool. Impact is illustrated both at Group and company level with the PowerBI analysis tool. If the performance trend deviates from the target (0 or negative), the cause must be identified and specific measures implemented, the effect of the measures evaluated and possibly adjusted towards the next quarterly measurement.

 

Action taken due to result 

 

Lerøy has taken part in a project together with NORCE to investigate the amount of microplastic in fish fillets and organs in farmed salmon – SalmoDetect.

By reducing a chamber previously used to label products in plastlink, we were able to reduce our plastic consumption by 10,000 kg. Labels are now placed directly on the foil.

By reducing the thickness of vacuum film for certain products, we have been able to substantially reduce our plastic consumption without having an impact on the technical properties of the film.

By collaborating with our customers, we have increased the percentage of filling for our products so that we use less plastic in kg per kg of product.

Lerøy shall have an overview of plastic purchased throughout the entire Group. Lerøy shall also assess waste management and recycling of these types of plastic to determine the level of sustainability across national borders.

We shall limit the use of plastic when other sustainable materials meet the technical requirements. We shall play an active role in the development of alternative packaging materials for consumer packages and distribution packages.

 

Targets and Results 

 

For 2022 the group used 8 392 168 kg of plastic within the identified areas, this is an substantial increase from 2021. In the last year, the group has run a project called sustainability in daily operations. The purpose of the project is to create awareness in the organization in order to obtain correct and verified reporting of sustainability figures with associated reduction measures. We believe that the reason for the increase is better quality reporting in the organisation.

 

 

Target 2024

2022

2021

2020

2019

Volume plastic purchased (Kg)*

-50%

8392168

6029351

6009237

-*

 

* data from 2019 is deficient or not complete. Base years must therefore be evaluated from the year 2020.

 

 

Circularity

PRODUCTION OF SUGAR KELP

Producing sugar kelp is a very efficient way of binding COalready dissolved in the sea. Farming sugar kelp does not require any input of freshwater, fertiliser, pesticides or land. The plant captures the nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon (as CO2) directly from the ocean. On average, 1.000 kg (wet weight) sugar kelp contains 26 kg carbon equal to 100 kg CO– which is higher than the same volume for wood.

Ocean Forest AS is an R&D company, and the Group has a 50% share in this company together with NGO Bellona Holding AS. The company is focusing on the production of low trophic species such as macro algae, blue mussels and polychaeta.

Main Goal
  • To reduce the footprint of our fish farming activities by capturing dissolved nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon dioxide from the water
  • To develop new ingredients for human consumption or animal feed
  • To develop new species for the Norwegian aquaculture industry

    The use of sugarkelp as an feed ingredient for cattles provides a significant reduction in methane emissions from cattle farming.
Sugar kelp

PRODUCTION OF BLUE MUSSEL MEAL

Ocean Forest AS has focus on the production of blue mussels, not for human consumption but mainly as a source of marine protein in feed. We have conducted a series of growth studies with Atlantic salmon demonstrating that blue mussel is an excellent fishmeal replacement.

The challenge has been to produce a blue mussel meal free of shell fractions on an industrial scale. We have now ordered special equipment that will enable us to separate the meat from the shell on an industrially efficient scale. In addition, blue mussels will also contribute to cuts in COemissions.

MORE EFFICIENT FEED CONTROL

The Group has a constant focus on the footprint from our fish farming activities. Faeces and uneaten feed  on the seabed beneath our cages can represent a local undesired impact on the environment. This issue is addressed with an increased focus on feed control but also how to optimize the raw material used and  the amount and physical quality of the faeces.

Ocean Forest focuses on the organic matter that reaches the seabed and how we can increase the  turnover of this material. Our focus is on polychaeta; how to support the establishment of an active and heathy community of this species and how to harvest the surplus for use in e.g. fish feed for other species than salmon.

In collaboration with the Institute of Marine Research in Norway and the University of Wageningen, we have in recent years conducted a series of studies  indicating the turnover rate and species present. We have developed a “polychaeta vacuum cleaner” for  harvesting and one of our employees is now studying in detail these challenges in a PhD programme with the Institute of Marine Research/University of Bergen.

NEW RAW MATERIAL FOR FEED

The Group has a major ongoing programme for developing new innovative raw material for fish feed. Historically, Lerøy has been a prime mover regarding  the use of Omega-3 fatty acids produced from microalgae to increase the level of Omega-3 in our  feed compared to industry standard, and for the introduction of Camelina oil and the ban on ethoxyquin. Last year, we were the first company to start using  insect meal in all our freshwater feed delivered by one of our feed suppliers.

Today, we buy the full volume of insect meal the producer can produce. We are also involved in very interesting projects relating to blue mussel meal and seaweed in salmon feed. Both projects are part of a major EU-supported project – “Holofood”, involving a series of issues, such as feed utilisation and retention, growth performance, fish and gut health.

Methane reduction with sugar kelp

The Group is also delivering sugar kelp to an exciting project in Denmark. In the project, they mix sugar kelp with feed for cows. Compared with ordinary diets with normal cow feed, the project shows that  this mixture provides a 50% reduction in the methane emissions from the cows. Fermented sugar kelp in feed also proved successful.

Methane concentration from pure sugar kelp feed,  maize silage and sugar beet pulp fermented.

While the use of antibiotics is almost non-existent in Norwegian fish farming, it is a major problem in  production of red meat. Here too, sugar kelp can be helpful. The trials in Denmark show that sugar kelp in pig feed, helps with intestinal health and reduces the need for antibiotics.

Collecting sludge from our farming operations - a new resource

Lerøy Sjøtroll has installed the world's first collection system for sludge in fish cages.

In collaboration with technology companies Lerøy Sjøtroll developed a completely new sludge collection technology to remove natural waste substances, such as feed residues and faeces, from fish cages.

The natural ecosystem on the seabed benefits from a little discharge of organic materials from the cages, it acts as fertiliser. The problem arises when the amount of sludge exceeds nature's own tolerance, which can happen in threshold fjords with low oxygen levels.

The sludge from the fish is collected in a fine-mesh groove installed at the bottom of the cage. It is then pumped up through a filtration system and into a tank located on the surface. The sludge is then transported away from the facilities in boats. The sludge is then converted into biogas.

The sludge contains resources that can be fed back into the value chain. Exciting projects range from soil improvement, gas production, extraction of minerals and production of larvae and insects.

Lerøy Sjøtroll has sludge collection on 2 farm locations.

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